In addition, it is the most populous island in the Caribbean. The Dominican Republic, which speaks Spanish, is on the east while Haiti, which speaks French Creole, is on the west. Those 2 countries are Haiti and the Dominican Republic. About 30% of this population lives in Santo Domingo, which is the capital city. The official languages in the country are Haitian Creole and French. The only other Caribbean island that is shared by two countries is Saint Martin, split between the French (Saint-Martin) and the Dutch (Sint Maarten). Previously known as Hayti, Haiti occupies the remaining three-eighths of Hispaniola. The island was called by various names by its native people, the Taíno Amerindians. Hispaniola is an island located in the Caribbean in the group of islands known as the Greater Antilles. Despite being the official language, less than half of the population speak it compared to Haitian Creole, which is spoken by almost everyone. Haiti is the third-most populous country in the Caribbean with a population of about 10.8 million people. This low GDP means that Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world despite a relatively strong tourism industry. Hispaniola (nome latino, pron. No known Taíno texts exist, hence, historical evidence for those names comes through three European historians: the Italians Pietro Martyr d‘Anghiera, and the Spaniards Bartolomé de las Casas and Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo. Haiti Countries, States, and Cities Travel & Places West Indies Islands. By Ferdinand Bada on December 21 2018 in World Facts. The island has an area of about 29,418 square miles comprised of two sovereign nations namely the Dominican Republic (18,705 square miles) and Haiti (10,710 square miles). Most of the population speaks a variant of Spanish although French and English are also popular. In addition, the country has one of the fastest growing economies, especially over the past two decades. The Dominican Republic, which speaks Spanish, is on the east while Haiti, which speaks French Creole, is on the west. Officially known as the Republic of Haiti, Haiti is on the western side of Hispaniola. Lowcountry Digital History Initiative", "History of Smallpox – Smallpox Through the Ages", "Caribbean: Island of Hispaniola | Ecoregions | WWF", "The island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean", "One of the Most Repeated Facts about Haiti is a Lie", "República Dominicana aumenta su cobertura boscosa a 39.7% - Fundación Global Democracia y Desarrollo", "The Areal Distribution of Mean Annual Rainfall Over the Island of Hispaniola", 10.1175/1520-0493(1941)069<0201:TADOMA>2.0.CO;2, "More variable tropical climates have a slower demographic growth", Un estudio descubre la presencia de genes guanches en la República Dominicana, "GDP per capita (current US$) - Haiti | Data", "The Dominican Republic and Haiti: one island riven by an unresolved past | Carrie Gibson", "Pueblo Viejo Gold Mine, Dominican Republic", Map of the Islands of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, The Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hispaniola&oldid=990963174, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Haitian Creole-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:47. In addition, the country is prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes. The Dominican Republic is the bigger of the two countries occupying the island of Hispaniola. The rate between 1992 and 2014 was 5.4% while 2014 had an increased rate of 7.0%. Hispaniola is often hit by tropical cyclones that cross the Atlantic Ocean ontheir way to North America. Hispaniola is an island located in the Caribbean in the group of islands known as the Greater Antilles.The island has an area of about 29,418 square miles comprised of two sovereign nations namely the Dominican Republic (18,705 square miles) and Haiti (10,710 square miles). The drivers of the economy include manufacturing, mining, construction, and tourism. Hispaniola is an island which has 2 countries on it. Together with Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, Hispaniola is one of the Greater Antilles. /ispaˈniola/; in spagnolo: La Española; in haitiano creolo: Ispayola; in taíno: Ayiti) è una delle maggiori isole delle Antille, sul cui territorio si trovano gli stati sovrani di Haiti ad ovest (che occupa circa il 36% della superficie totale) e la Repubblica Dominicana ad est (che occupa circa il 64% della superficie). The capital city of Haiti is Port-au-Prince, which also doubles as the largest city. It consists of mountain ranges that extend from east to west as well as embedded valleys and plains. (… Hispaniola island is the second largest island in the Caribbean after the island of Cuba. Tourism is a major contributor since the country is the most popular destination in the Caribbean. History shows that Hispaniola was the first place in the Americas that Europeans made a permanent settlement after its discovery by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and 1493. Looking at the economy of the countries in Latin America, the economy of the Dominican Republic is the ninth-largest with a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of $81.653 billion. Fernández de Oviedo and de las Casas both recorded that the island was called Haití ("Mountainous Land") by the Taíno. D'Anghiera added another name, Quisqueya (supposedly "Mother of all Lands"). In 2017, the nominal GDP of the country stood at only $7.897 billion. Occupying the eastern part, this country covers about five-eighths of the entire land. Some of the problems plaguing the nation include things like corruption, illiteracy, poverty, and poor infrastructure. While the lowlands are hot and tropical, the slopes of the mountains are cooler and get much rainfall from the trade winds that constantly that blow across the island. In terms of the size of the countries in the Caribbean, the Dominican is second only to Cuba while it is the third most populous country with a population of about 10 million people. Haiti and the Dominican Republic are the two countries that share the island. Rainfall varies from 1000 to 3000 mm per year. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Why Is Rhode Island Called An Island When It Isn't One. The island of Hispaniola is the second largest one in the West Indies. An example of a massive earthquake happened in 2010 when a 7.0-magnitude earthquake killed between 100,000 and 160,000 people and caused significant property damage.

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