Don’t overfeed certain food (eg concentrates) as this can lead to problems such as bloat, acidosis, laminitis and obesity. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: You must also remove any afterbirth as you would with other fallen stock. You need to have stock-keeping skills for sheep and goats, either through qualifications or experience. You mustn’t carry out the following as they’re illegal: You should avoid tail docking and only do it when other options have failed to deal with welfare problems linked to dirty tails and fly strike. Inspectors from the Animal and Plant Health Agency and your local authority can visit your farm. You shouldn’t keep pregnant ewes in groups of more than 50 wherever possible. You and any staff working with animals must read, understand and have access to at least one of the following: Welfare codes aren’t law, but if you don’t follow them it can be used as evidence in court if you’re prosecuted for causing unnecessary suffering to livestock. There is always a different job to be done, and the tasks and challenges change with the seasons. February: Lambing continues and so care and management of ewes and lambs at lambing also continue; care, management and supplementary feeding of lactating ewes; creep feeding, ear-tagging, tail docking and growth recording of lambs. December: Protection against cold and chilly weather, checking of records, disposal of surplus lambs, supplementary feeding of advanced pregnant ewes. You shouldn’t use electric mesh fencing when you have horned sheep, horned goats, or young goats. Each farmer and each part of the country is different, but they will be involved in similar activities at different times throughout the year depending if the farmer houses sheep or not. You should have enough supplies of feed and water for emergencies, such as severe winter storms or summer drought. Remove any stale or contaminated feed immediately. You should protect against external parasites (eg ticks, lice or others that cause scabs or fly strikes) with a chemical agent. You need to train lambs on how to use any automatic feeding equipment properly. Change in grazing schedule to allow grazing during cooler hours and resting the flock under tree shade during mid-day; tree lopping. You need to keep contamination of food and water and the harmful effects of competition between animals at a minimum. Creep feeding, ear-tagging, and tail docking and growth recording of lambs continue; washing of sheep, wool sampling, shearing, recording of wool weights and dipping, vaccination against sheep-pox continues. You also need to take care of your livestock’s welfare off the farm and in extreme weather. Kidding pens should be within sight and sound of other goats. You need to make sure you have enough lambing or kidding pens, of big enough size, that are dry and well-drained. The size of a dosing-gun nozzle should be suitable for the animal’s age. Milk sheep flocks need more intensive husbandry and care to keep their health and welfare. Preparation of lambing pens and their disinfection care at lambing, care, and management of lambs weighing of lambs and dams at lambing, docking, and identification of newborn lambs and supplementary feeding of breeding rams for spring mating. This helps avoid introducing infectious abortion agents. Each should have a hay rack, feed trough and water bucket. It should be designed to avoid the risk of injury. The highest quality hays should not be fed during gestation. If you’re permanently marking horned breeds of sheep you should use horn branding. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. You should treat any ewe with a prolapse immediately and get advice from a vet as needed. When feeding all your sheep at once, the minimum trough space is around: However, if sheep have constant access to a supply of hay and silage, you can reduce trough space to 10 to 12cm per ewe, depending on their size. In trough systems you should use mineral mixtures specifically designed to avoid urinary problems in male sheep. You should read the guidance on: If you’re involved in the Basic Payment Scheme, you need to follow cross-compliance restrictions. Each farmer and each part of the country is different, but they will be involved in similar activities at different times throughout the year depending if the farmer houses sheep or not. You should regularly clean and sterilise any equipment you use for injections, to avoid infections and abscesses. You should segregate any new sheep (including rams) that you introduce to a new flock. If you can’t transport lame animals without causing them more pain, you should slaughter them on the farm. Let’s have a look at a year on a sheep farm. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. This publication is available at Housing livestock can improve goat and sheep welfare, but there are health risks - see the guide to sheep and goat health. If that’s impossible, you should provide water at least twice a day. You’ve accepted all cookies. You should never use this method to remove a live lamb. Castration must be carried out by a trained, competent person. Category of sheep Space (square metres) Lowland ewes - 60-90kg live weight: 1.2-1.4 floor space per ewe during pregnancy: Lowland ewes after lambing, with lambs at foot up to 6-weeks-old You should get advice from a vet if treatments don’t work. Calendar of Sheep Management practices June 4, 2020 by Siddartha Reddy A detailed summary is shown as per the Calendar of Sheep Management practices. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Hello, I am Siddartha Reddy . Handle heavily pregnant ewes carefully. January: Stock verification,ear-tagging or tattooing, protection against cold and chilly weather, care, management, and supplementary feeding of advanced pregnant ewes. You need to maintain fences and hedges to prevent injuries to your animals and to minimise the risk of entanglement. You should try to prevent footrot during the drying off period eg keeping areas clean and any bedding dry. If you do keep the sheep, you should use feed they can eat easily and you should monitor their body condition. Your plan should include records to assess the basic output of the flock, including: You should also include pasture management in your disease control plans to avoid reliance on drugs for internal parasites and footrot. The calendar below shows some of the various husbandry activities that take place on an Irish sheep farm throughout the working year. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. You may need to treat infected feet, carry out paring or foot bathing, or vaccination. You need to feed livestock a balanced diet. You or your shepherds must be aware of specific milk sheep problems. This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. They’ll normally give notice but may not if they’ve had a complaint about how you’re treating them. A monthly schedule for various sheep farm operations with twice a year lambing or shearing pattern under semi-arid conditions on an organized farm is given below. But if you need to carry out a treatment for welfare reasons - such as for lameness - give this as soon as possible and don’t leave it until after lambing or kidding. You should remove the fleece from all mature sheep at least once a year. You need to gradually introduce high intakes of cereal-based diets. Blurb: Natural Sheep Care (Updated and Revised) is a comprehensive guide for all breeders and growers of sheep, whether for wool, meat or milk. You need to make sure that there is enough trough space or feeding points for goats, and that neither lambs nor lambs can get into troughs and drown. If both tail docking and castration are needed you should carry out both operations at the same time to reduce distress and the risk of mis-mothering.


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