The researcher themselves brings their own perceptions, values, beliefs, and experiences related to the area of investigation to the research and thus has an influence on the conduct and findings of a research study. Like positivists, post positivists also strive to be objective, neutral and ensure that the findings fit with the existing knowledge base. Company Registration No: 4964706. The approach helps build middle-range theoretical frameworks based on the collected data (Charmaz, 2000). This study is based on the ontological stance of critical realism. The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Moore, R. (2009), Towards the Sociology of Truth, London; Continuum. Grounded theorists examine the meanings created in social relationships and try to discern how groups of people define their realities on the basis of their experiences and understandings of interpersonal interactions (Fassinger, 2005). However, as the data used for this method is text based and not number or statistics based, it is frequently considered appropriate with qualitative research (Charmaz, 2000). As human knowledge is thus unavoidably conjectural, the assertion of these conjectures are warranted, or more specifically, justified by a set of warrants, which can be modified or withdrawn in the light of further investigation. This position maintains that individual experiences, interpretations and societal and cultural contexts influence the ways a reality is experienced, perceived, represented and described. Postpositivists work to understand how their axiology (i.e. He advanced falsification in lieu of the logical positivist idea of verificationism. Another variation of grounded theory is offered by social constructivists such as Charmaz (Charmaz, 1999, 2003, 2006) and Annells (1996). They tell us what we already know. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Early research based on this perspective is criticised for being too descriptive and lacking in interpretation and explanation of the actions (Gerhardt, 1990). It can be defined as a philosophy of knowledge and is concerned with various questions such as: “What is the relationship between the knower and what is known? Secondly, it does not consider conceptual diagrams as necessary. Scientific reasoning and common sense reasoning are essentially the same process. The term epistemology comes from the Greek word “epistêmê” which refers to knowledge. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Grounded theory is an inductive approach, based on systematic procedure to develop theory that is grounded in data (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). Grounded theory was considered the most suitable approach for this study as it focuses on the social process regarding the phenomenon of interest and could help in building a theory of IPV by considering the similarities and differences in individual perspectives of the participants. Secondly, the focus of the research was to better understand the phenomenon of IPV in the Pakistani population. Post positivism is considered a contemporary paradigm that developed as a result of the criticism of positivism. You can view samples of our professional work here. Positivism and the Prospects for Cognitive Science. A brief description of these approaches, and the reasons for not using each approach, are discussed here: Phenomenology has roots in European Philosophy and was developed by Hurssel (1970) while he was studying consciousness as experienced by the participant. Like positivists, post positivists also believe in the existence of a single reality, however, they acknowledge that reality can never be fully known and efforts to understand reality are limited owing to the human beings’ sensory and intellectual limitations (Guba, 1990). This is in line with the assertion that different conjectures contribute to the overall knowledge developed of an entity or a development. It facilitates understanding of a social problem and to develop a complex but holistic picture of the problem under investigation with subjective experiences, feelings and views of the participants (Creswell, 1994). It may seem perverse to speak of positivistic tendencies in modern cognitive science. a group of philosophical stances positing that all meaningful propositions must be reducible to sensory experience and viewing, and thereby, all Although data analysis is conducted deductively from pre-set aims and objectives and is informed by a priori reasoning (Pope et al., 2000), this approach facilitates description and interpretation of what is occurring in a particular setting. Research paradigm refers to a set of beliefs and feelings about the world and how it should be explored and studied (Denzin & Lincoln, 2003). The aim of the study implicitly maintains that exploring individual experiences and perceptions can help understand the meaning and concepts related to a particular social issue such as IPV.

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