Providing an example for such expansions, it said, “Inclusion of de-silting of canals and water bodies in the Water Conservation Mission would enhance their storage capacity and mitigate the frequency of floods.”, The report also batted for improving the skill sets of MGNREGA workers as it would help increase their income and “provide horizontal and vertical mobility to them.”, Calling for interlinking of schemes and programmes meant for rural areas, to help create multiple avenues for income generation and thereby pull more people out of poverty, the survey report said the convergence of MGNREGA with the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and participation of women self-help groups “needs to be strengthened so that supply of skilled waged labourers increase.”, Also read | Potato Chips and Child Exploitation: A Story of Innocence Lost in Labour. To streamline the fund flow mechanism and bring down delay in payment of wages, the Ministry of Rural Development has implemented the National Electronic Fund Management System (NeFMS) in 24 States and 1 Union Territory. The Centre is not taking into account the delay on its part. he reverse migration triggered by mounting job losses for informal workers employed in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has translated into an increased demand for work provided in rural India under the employment guarantee scheme. The survey also conferred a lot of credit on the Centre’s move in 2015 to implement direct benefit transfer and Aadhaar-linked payments when it comes to workers' wages. It makes available all the documents like Muster Rolls, registration application register, job card/employment register/muster roll issue register, muster roll receipt register which are hidden from public otherwise. Say, if you work till December 1 and the FTO is prepared five days later, the worker will get compensation only for those five days of delay. The economic survey report also sought an expansion of the definition of the term ‘works’ under the scheme and its regular review keeping in mind the demand curve. This electronic device allows transfer of wages within 2 working days into the accounts of the beneficiaries. Conducted by Rajendran Narayanan from Azim Premji University and two independent researchers, the study that examined 4.5 lakh MGNREGA transactions in 3,603 Gram Panchayats spanning 10 states, highlighted that only 32% of the payment had been done on time. Economic Survey's Call for MGNREGA to Become 'Rural Distress Indicator' a Nod to Jobs Crisis? Women building a pond as part of MGNREGA work. It is very fast and transparency project. The average number of days of employment per household under the scheme fell to 40.14 in 2014-15 from 45.97 in the previous year. “While MGNREGA was made effective in 2006, the streamlining of the programme occurred in 2015 when the government harnessed the benefits of technology. “Demand for work under MGNREGA may be used to develop a real-time indicator of distress at the granular district/panchayat level,” the survey said. Even though the National Sample Surveys (NSS) are carried out at household levels, the results are released “after a gap of almost two years”, thus limiting their use by the government to address rural economic distress. “What also needs to be pointed out along with the delay in the payment of wages is that the Centre has calculated the penalty to be paid to the workers for delay beyond 15 days only till the time the FTO (fund transfer order) is prepared. The implementing agency (Gram Panchayat/ Block), after due verification of the work and the muster rolls, generates an electronic Fund Transfer Order (FTO) to transfer the wages. All rights reserved    |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2021 (Online) - Join Now. Stop Coddling Old ‘Dwarf’ MSMEs, Potato Chips and Child Exploitation: A Story of Innocence Lost in Labour. They will get money directly to their account without third party through this scheme. The survey stated that adoption of direct benefit transfers and Aadhaar-linked payments gave “immense credibility” to the experience of increasing effectiveness of the scheme. The Ministry along with the States/UTs has been making concerted efforts for improving the timely payment of wages. It leveraged the Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile (JAM) trinity to credit wages directly into MGNREGA workers’ bank accounts, thereby reducing scopes for delays in payments.”. “Data shows that on November 7 (2016), the day before Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement, 38.52 lakh labourers sought work under MGNREGA. Stop Coddling Old ‘Dwarf’ MSMEs. Lack of IT infrastructure at gram panchayat level. The Centre is not taking into account the delay on its part. This, inter alia, included the implementation of direct benefit transfer and linking it (with) Aadhar linked payments. It empowers the common man using the information technology as a facilitator.

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