A somewhat fuller treatment of this question has been offered here because, of all the passages in the New Testament, this has become the most popular in the theology of those who would reduce Christianity to a basic humanism, the major premise of which is this: "If human needs are restricted by God's law, it is God's law that should be set aside; and, of course, `human needs' refers actually to `human WANTS'!" CHAPTER 6. Jesus asked, "Is it lawful on the sabbath to do good, or to do harm? (1) He showed the biased and unprincipled motives of those making the charge, as evidenced by their approval of a real violation on the part of David, and yet alleging against the Son of David a "violation" founded on their hair-splitting interpretations! In such a pronouncement, Jesus had in view the antagonism between light and darkness, the inevitable hatred of the carnal man of all that is holy and spiritual. (20-26) Christ exhorts to mercy. See fuller comment on this in my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 12:1-12. But he knew their thoughts; and he said to the man that had his hand withered, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. (5) Jesus claimed absolute lordship of the sabbath, as in the verse before us. The very idea that the extended sermon recorded here by Luke, and which Jesus delivered in the presence of so great a multitude, was a mere utterance of these thirty verses, and nothing else, cannot be logically supported. There is strong textual evidence that this should read, "on a second-first sabbath" (English Revised Version (1885) margin); but the prevailing ignorance of what such an expression means has led to the rendition here. Further detailed comment on this paragraph is found in my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 7:24-29; 28:18-20. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Theirs was no mere historical faith, but they truly acknowledged him as the Messiah; and in this they were correct. Pressed down, shaken together ... etc. Read Luke 6 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Luke 6 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Luke 6:6-11 Divine Truth Confronts Human Tradition - John MacArthur; Luke 6:6-11 When Jesus Stomps On Your Toes - Steven Cole; Parallel Passages - Words in bold not found in Luke. But we must take heed that we mistake not this liberty for leave to commit sin. The sabbath ordinance, rightly understood, was an expression of Jesus' own will; and, therefore, his expression of lordship over it was not in order to violate it, but to uplift it and free it from the folly of human abuse, and to restore it as a blessing to mankind. Frank L. Cox wrote: [14] Frank L. Cox, According to Luke (Austin, Texas: Firm Foundation Publishing House, 1941), p. 17. Chapter 6. to Jesus, whereas in the other gospels, it is the Pharisees who ask the question. ; but it is a warning of the final judgment. In serving God, our great care should be not to lose time, but to make the end of one good duty the beginning of another. Those who take pains in religion, found their hope upon Christ, who is the Rock of Ages, and other foundation can no man lay. The metaphor here is a measure of grain, the application being to a measure given, as well as a measure purchased. 20-23. There is not the slightest hint that Jesus "legalized" David's unlawful actions, thus laying down a new law permitting God's regulations to be abrogated on the basis of "human need." [28] E. J. Tinsley, The Gospel according to Luke (Cambridge: The Cambridge University Press, 1969), p. 70. Here begins a discourse of Christ, most of which is also found in Matthew 5. In the old temple, priests continually did things which were not allowed otherwise than in temple service. True morality demands that such conduct wear the label which Jesus branded it, "hypocrisy"! In serving God, our great care should be not to lose time, but to make the end of one good duty the beginning of another. Simon, whom he also called Peter ... For extended comment on this apostle, whose name appears first in all New Testament lists of the Twelve, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 16:18. "[29] The tenor of these comments appears almost universally. for ye received your consolation. Big Guilt always yells the loudest about the mistakes of Little Guilt! The purpose of Christ in this citation was not to equate his actions with those of David. This is truly an inspired comparison. This word also is not the usual New Testament word for "mercy." Though full and exact returns are made in another world, not in this world, yet Providence does what should encourage us in doing good. If one should take the hope of heaven out of the New Testament, there would be nothing left. The thing proscribed is harsh and censorious judgments of the conduct and character of others. There is a fulness of grace in Christ, and healing virtue in him, ready to go out from him, that is enough for all, enough for each. Judas Iscariot ... On this apostle, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 26:21,49; 27:3-10. Commentary on Luke 6:12-19 (Read Luke 6:12-19) We often think one half hour a great deal to spend in meditation and secret prayer, but Christ was whole nights engaged in these duties. Luke 6 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. for in the same manner did their fathers to the false prophets. Plucked ... did eat, rubbing ... What Jesus' disciples did here was legal, being specifically permitted (Deuteronomy 23:25); thus, as Summers noted, "It was lawful to eat grain in this way when walking through another man's field. Perhaps Christ intended by such injunctions as these to show how far above the abilities of men to fulfill them are the divine laws of the kingdom of God. Two utterly different imperatives are in view, although the one in Matthew surely includes this. It should be clearly understood, then, that what Jesus was charged with violating was not God's word at all, but the legal doodlings of the Pharisees. (3) He showed that the spirit of the ancient law of God should have been heeded, not merely the letter of it. But if we are thoroughly grounded in the faith of Christ's love, this will make his commands easy to us. Woe unto you, ye that laugh now! Luke 6 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work This is the great error of our generation. This is similar to the paragraph that concludes the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew; but, even so, there are marked differences, due to the variation in Jesus' words from time to time and place to place. An infinite sadness follows the contemplation of religious precepts and traditions which have been incorporated into the historical church, traditions and doctrines which are no part of the Saviour's teaching, being contrary to it and refuted by it. These verses may easily be read in less than three minutes! But love your enemies, and do them good, and lend, never despairing; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be sons of the Most High: for he is kind toward the unthankful and evil. Those who have not faithful preaching near them, had better travel far than be without it. for even sinners do the same. If there is a single word in the whole dictionary that summarizes the Christian life, this is it.

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