Subsequently, iron was extracted from many parts of the Lake Superior district, including the Marquette Range in Michigan and the Mesabi Range in Minnesota. ‘Superior’ describes not only its size and volume, but also its setting. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Seasonal hunting, sportfishing, and tourism form the basis for an important regional recreation industry. The harbour shared by Duluth (Minnesota) and Superior (Wisconsin) is a shipping point for iron ore, grain, and flour. No large rivers enter the lake from the south; the middle-sized Sturgeon and Tahquamenon rivers are the main south-shore tributaries. The Ojibwe called it Kitchigami, meaning “great lake.” Annual lake-level fluctuations are less than 12 inches (30 cm). Lake Superior receives water from approximately 200 rivers, of which the largest are the Nipigon (from the north) and the St. Louis (from the west). The coastline of Lake Superior is picturesque, particularly the north shore, which is indented by deep bays backed by high cliffs. Its name is from the French Lac Supérieur (“Upper Lake”). Lake Superior's surface covers 31,700 square miles and its cold waters reach a depth of 1,332 feet. All boat traffic that leaves the lake for southern ports must pass through the Soo Locks at Sault Sainte Marie. If you’re lucky, you may even see the northern lights. The navigation season is generally about eight months long. Whether you’re planning to experience the lakeshore by water or land, there are many ways to get your fall foliage fix. Full Screen. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Located north of the Keweenaw Peninsula Lake Superior, this hiker’s getaway offers peaceful and untouched wilderness for the perfect outdoor escape. Get your weekly ad delivered right to your inbox. Rivers. Other principal rivers entering the north shore are the Pigeon, Kaministikwia, Pic, White, and Michipicoten. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... You may be familiar with New York and Nebraska, but are there 11 U.S. states with names that begin with the letter "N?" ©2020 Superior Grocers, all rights reserved. A trip to Lake Superior will take you along the northern shores of the Upper Peninsula. Oceans. Trade remained in the hands of the British until 1817, when John Jacob Astor’s American Fur Company took over south of the Canadian border. The vessel is en route to the port of Dakar, and expected to arrive there on Sep 4, 07:00 . This article was most recently revised and updated by,, LiveScience - Lake Superior: Facts About the Greatest Great Lake, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Lake Superior, Lake Superior - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Lake Superior - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Wolves and Moose call the island home, and you can wake up to a spectacular sunrise and the call of a loon. Lake Superior, most northwesterly and largest of the five Great Lakes of North America and one of the world’s largest bodies of fresh water. Dual Map. Marie that connects Superior with the lower Great Lakes. Seas. The lake is so massive and its volume so large that, were it to be emptied at its current rate (with no compensating additions of water), it would take 191 years. Iron ore was mined and smelted locally from 1848, and the opening (1855) of the Soo Locks ship canal on the St. Marys River facilitated iron mining in the region by allowing regular shipment to the lower lakes. Lake Superior is 350 miles (563 km) long (east to west), and its greatest width is 160 miles (258 km) from north to south. They are one of the great natural features of the continent and of the Earth. Marquette County in Michigan's Upper Peninsula is home to dozens of beautiful beaches. Isle Royale contains several lakes, some of which also contain islands. The French Jesuit missionary Claude-Jean Allouez circumnavigated and charted the lake in 1667. Many wrecks can be found off of Whitefish Point which is home to the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum and Lake Superior's oldest operating lighthouse, Whitefish Point Light Station. Daniel Greysolon, sieur (lord) DuLhut (or Du Luth), opened the lake to active trading in 1679. From kayaking to stand up paddleboarding, find the perfect place for your paddle sports adventure on Lake Superior. Lake Superior is home to more than 300 known shipwrecks, including the infamous Edmund Fitzgerald. Because of its large size (relative to watershed area) and the porous "dam" at its outlet, long-term lake-level fluctuations are much lower than in any of the other Great Lakes—generally less than 1 yard (1 metre). subscribe now! The untouched natural beauty of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula is unlike anywhere else in the world, especially along the spectacular sandstone cliffs of the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As the northernmost shoreline of the United States’ mainland and with the designated Keweenaw Water Trail encircling it, the Keweenaw Peninsula is a world-class kayaking destination. East of Whitefish Point is the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore which features the stunning, multi-colored sandstone cliffs that stretch 42 miles along the shore from Grand Marais to Munising. Lakes > Dual Track. Shore of Lake Superior near the mouth of the Mosquito River in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, U.S. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. At Thunder Bay, grain from the Canadian prairies is transferred from rail to ship. In place of the present eastern lower Great Lakes (Erie and Ontario), a scarp-and-vale topography existed, with the high front of the Niagara limestone scarp separating vales of shale to the west and east.…. On Isle Royale, the largest island, you can explore more than 165 miles of hiking trails immersed in untouched, incredible wildlife. The principal islands in the lake are Isle Royale, a U.S. national park; the Apostle Islands, near the Wisconsin shore; Michipicoten, on the east side; and St. Ignace, near the mouth of the Nipigon River (Canada). Much of the coastal area is sparsely settled. Kayak along the multicolored cliffs or discover lesser-known waterfalls as you take in all that Lake Superior has to offer. Corrections? Lake Superior Located above Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, Lake Superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world. Over 30 lighthouses still stand along the Lake Superior beaches, some of which offer unique bed and breakfast experiences. Valuable mineral deposits surround the lake. Bounded on the east and north by Ontario (Canada), on the west by Minnesota (U.S.), and on the south by Wisconsin and Michigan (U.S.), it discharges into Lake Huron at its eastern end via the St. Marys River. Notice: Requests for judicial administrative records pursuant to California Rules of Court 10.500, should be directed to Krista D. LeVier, Court Executive Officer, at or at 255 North Forbes St., Lakeport, CA 95453.Current office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. Gulfs. See if your knowledge of names is nimble—or numb—in this quiz of states and cities. ‘Superior’ describes not only its size and volume, but also its setting. Only taconite and other low-grade ores are now mined and enriched on site. Updates? It straddles the border between the United States and Canada, and covers a great stretch of Ontario and the Midwest. Although Lake Baikal in Russia has a larger volume of water, the combined area of the Great Lakes—some 94,250 square miles (244,106 square kilometres)—represents…, …a fascinating history, as Lakes Superior and Huron were vast synclinal depressions even in Precambrian times. However, its history of storms and strong winds have made it infamous for sinking many ships, including the iconic Edmund Fitzgerald in 1975. Other minerals extracted include silver (near Thunder Bay, Ontario), nickel (north of the lake), and copper (south of the lake). The current position of LAKE SUPERIOR is at West Africa (coordinates 14.67518 N / 17.42542 W) reported 2 hours ago by AIS. Bays. Website by DW Green Company.DW Green Company. Pierre Espirit Radisson and Médard Chouart des Groseilliers gathered a valuable cargo of furs during their extensive travels on the lake (1659–60). Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore has something for everyone. Lake Superior Traffic Report from Pasty Central and Powered by Pasty.NET and KCRA The principal ports along the lake’s south shore are Ashland (Wisconsin), Hancock and Houghton (both on a 25-mile- (40-km-) long canal across the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan), and Marquette.


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